Discover details on the escapes from Alcatraz including the infamous Frank Lee Morris and Anglin brothers attempt in 1962
In the 29 years the prison was open, there were 14 escape attempts. Those attempts included 36 prisoners, and none were considered successful (although one person made it alive to San Francisco during the final attempt - but was immediately caught and returned to the island).
Two of the prisoners drowned in the bay. Six of the prisoners were shot during their attempts. Twenty-three were captured and returned to their cells.
Five of the prisoners were never found. For years, prison officials stated those five must have drowned, since no one ever heard from them again. However, new evidence was recently recovered on the infamous 1962 escape attempt - read on to learn more!
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One of the most famous attempts was named the Battle of Alcatraz. It was also known as the Alcatraz Blastout.
It was one of the bloodiest escape attempts in the island's history. On May 2, 1946, a group of six prisoners tried to take control of the main building.
The prisoners were able to overpower the guards to take control. The battle lasted for two days.
This is one of the escapes from Alcatraz where two officers were killed, and several others were wounded. Three of the six prisoners that attempted to escape were also killed in the battle.
Reinforcements finally came in and took back control on May 4. The remaining three prisoners went on trial for the murders during the Battle of Alcatraz.
The attempt by Frank Lee Morris, Alan West and John and Clarence Anglin was another famous event by daring inmates. This was one of the most thought out and sophisticated attempts in the prison's history.
Frank Lee Morris was the mastermind behind the plan. For seven months, the four inmates worked together to plan their escape.
All four inmates prepared for their attempt by digging holes through the vent in their cells. The holes they created linked through to the ventilation ducts which they planned to use to get out of the main building.
This is one of the escapes from Alcatraz where they prepared for the attempt by creating rafts and dummy heads for their beds. The dummy heads made it look like someone was sleeping and allowed them more time for their escape.
One evening, after 9 pm in June 1962, the four inmates attempted their escape. They all placed their fake dummy heads in their beds, opened the covers to the vents, climbed through the ducts and outside of the main building.
Alan West had trouble getting his cover off his vent, so they left him. He ended up getting it off hours after the others, climbed through the vents and realized he was too late to escape with the other three. He then returned to his cell undetected.
How did the guards not notice they were missing? Each one placed a decoy head in their bed with real hair one of them stole over time from their work in the barber shop on the island.
Due to the decoy heads, the guards didn't notice the missing prisoners of Alcatraz until after 7 am the next morning. This gave them plenty of time to get away.
Once the guards noticed they were missing, the prison went into lock down. A massive search for the missing prisoners of Alcatraz followed.
The three prisoners were never seen or heard from again. Most of the evidence found led the authorities - at the time - to determine that all three drown in the San Francisco bay during the escape attempt.
How old would they be if they were found alive today? Frank Lee Morris would be in his late-90s and the Anglin brothers would be in their early 90s.
The movie Escape from Alcatraz was based on this attempt. Clint Eastwood played the part of Frank Lee Morris. You can find out even more about these escape attempts and others in these escapes from Alcatraz books and movies. In addition to the one listed above, another one of my favorites on the topic is the Escape from Alcatraz book by J. Campbell Bruce.